Monday, September 11, 2017

Harridslevgaard/Harritslevgaard Slot, Skovby Sogn, Nordfyns Kommune

Harridslevgaard slot/ photo gb

Harridslevgaard slot is mentioned the first time in 1231, where it belonged to the king." Haræslef" is mentioned in King Valdemars jordebog of 1232 as one of the king's castles. It had then a value of 144 mark gold.

In the early Middle Ages "Haræslef " was according to the legend a sørøverborg (pirate's castle) . At that time the sea went right up to the castle with a free view across the sea and the pirates hang out lamps to fool the ships to come close to the coast, where they could enter the ships and rob everything they wished for. But there were so many complaints about the pirates at Harritslevgaard that the king took action and had them all executed.

 In 1542 Jørgen Svave got a livbrev of the manor (royal guarantee for ownership for life) and he succeeded in buying it as a free estate in 1560, where the document says that it was sold to the king's vasal Jørgen Svave by Frederic 2.

Harritslevgaard slot/wikipedia
Rigsråd Breide Rantzau (1556-1618) bought the old royal administration-center Harridslevgaard in 1589 from Jørgen Svave. The deal went possibly on under shady shapes. The Svave family led process about the sale still ten years after the sale. Breide however did not care. The spirited aristocrat was one of the young Chr. 4's loyal followers and also a good  svirebroder ("feasting brother"). It was always a great feast when Breide accompanied the young king on his travels to Norway and England around year 1600. Breide Rantzau belonged to the wealthy and powerful Rantzau-family who came to Denmark in connection to Grevens fejde in 1533-36, where Breide Rantzau's grandfather Johan Rantzau was Chr. 3's army chief.  The family was - especially at Funen -  rewarded for its loyalty to the king with several manors like Rantzausholm (Brahetrolleborg), Hellerup, Hindemae and Harridslevgaard. Breide Rantzau broke down the old castle and built a new Renaissance building which was finished in 1606,in three storeys and with a large octagonal stair tower by the castle yard.

medieval feast/wikipedia
Breide's daughter-in-law, the beautiful fru Anne Lykke received her royal lover, Chr. 4's eldest son (the chosen Prince) on Harridslevgaard, while she was the owner in 1623-31. Anne Lykke lived in 1623 at Harritslevgaard after her husband Kaj Rantzau's early death and the rich widow cast her pretty eyes on the Crown Prince, the young Christian, while his father Chr. 4 without luck took part in the 30-years' war in North Germany. 

 At his homecoming after the painful defeat at Lutter am Barenberg Chr. 4 let in 1626 Anne Lykke arrest and put in prison at Kronborg. The acussation was that she by "druk og letfærdighed" (drinking and frivolity) had disturbed the Crown Prince in his leadership of the government in the absence of Chr. 4. After in vain having tried to start a case against Anne Lykke the king had in 1628 to set her free, if she would promise to stay at her manor. On her release in 1628 she settled at the manor Hellerup at east Funen, while her other estates were left to members of the Ulfeldt and Rantzau family. She married in 1629 one of Jacob Ulfeldt's many sons,  the learned Knud Ulfeldt. Anne Lykke died in 1641. After her came several owners to Harridslev, until the castle in 1829 was sold to greve Bernstorff-Gyldensteen. The big adjoining land still belongs to Gyldensteen, while the main building was sold to other side.

The owner Christiane Hoppe Hagedorn expands in ab. 1750 the adjoining land, rebuilds the main building (1753) and establishes a stutteri. She was a diligent lady of the castle and she now haunts the castle as the white lady. Harridslevgaard came after the introduction of the absolutism  in 1660 soon in bourgeois hands and changed owners up till 1829 where grev Bernstorff at Gyldensteen bought the castle, and it was combined with the neighbouring estate Gyldensteen northeast of Bogense. 1922 At the county's transition to a free estate was sold 800 tønder land from Harritslevgaard's earlier adjoining land for the founding of 66 smallholdings. 1963 Director/Antique dealer Frank Nicolaisen buys Harridslevgaard with park, but without farming from grev Carl Johan Bernstorff of Gyldensteen. While Frank Nicolaisen was the owner he started from 1963 a thorough restoration.

The family Schimko bought Harridslevgaard in 1985 and continued the restoration. In 1995 they opened the castle to the public.

Harridslevgaard slot/ gb
Only a little is left from the original manor except the sandstone fireplaces and the room divisions. In the reconstructed manor environment you can walk from the  Pigekammer (servantmaid's chamber) in the basement and the large kitchen and via beautiful rooms and living rooms up to the magnificent riddersal (Knights Hall), which fills out the whole upper storey of the east wing. The present pretty and right inventory are new antiquities, bought with a sense of a castle's historic inventory.

The knights hall of 400 kvm  is the largest privately owne in Denmark and is very imposing. From the Knights Hall is access to two hemmeligheder ( medieval toilets in the wall).  In the north wing is "the blue room" with marbled, handcarved panels in an exceptionel blue room -  and the modern hemmelighed is also in blue. The Winter Hall in the east wing with its original richly ornamented sandstone fireplace is remarkable. In the north wing is also "the red living room" with a well preserved vaulted ceiling and pretty red wallpapers. In the basement are among others two rooms called "jagtstuen" (hunting room) and "badstuen" (bath room). Here was originally laundry and bakery . It is now furnished into an  exclusive bathroom and hall. In the medieval cellar is a vaulted kitchen which still 400 years later is serving its original purpose. From the kitchen is a downturn to a socalled dungeon, which probably was the old cold storage and wine cellar. At the kitchen wall are the traces of a spiral staircase, which connected the kitchen to "the red room" above.

Mysteries at Harridslevgaard.
Harridslevgaard has - together with other mysterious happenings on Funen - made the background of a book "Guide til det okkulte Danmark" by the author Bo B. Hamilton-Wittendorff. Peculiar occassions sometimes happens.A visiting woman was scared to death by a little girl who had been chasing her, until she suddenly disappeared out in the blue. The woman described the little blonde girl, dressed in something which looked like an oldfashioned nightgown.Rumbling from a wagon is heard in the castle yard and the sound of horse hooves, attributed to a former bailiff who rides a horse with luminous red eyes. The white lady is walking around in the castle guarding her goods and gold. She is said to be fru Christiane Hoppe who lived from 1687 till 1769. She was the lady of the castle and the owner of a stutteri.

Mill House, Harridslevgaard slot/gb
The present owners , Inge Lise and Hermann Schimko, took over the castle in 1985 and made it open to the public. Harridslevgaard was rather dilapidated at that time, but after 15 years of restoration the castle looks like Breide Rantzau's pretty Renaissance castle. The buildings are now listed and each repair has to be done by appointment with the National Museum. Some details came up during the restoration -  in the red living room was a hatch in the bottom of a cupboard, under this a spiral staircase leading down to the dungeon and a secret passage, which was an escape way for the lord and lady in the Middle Ages.  The secret passage went 500 meters out into the field to Loddenhøj or Palnatokehøj where Palnatoke supposedly was buried. It was said that Palnatoke owned "Haræslef" in the first half of the 900s.

Palnatoke was a legendary hero from Funen who is mentioned in Saxo Grammaticus and in the Icelandic Jomsvikingernes saga. According to the last mentioned Palnatoke was the man who founded Jomsborg and created the laws, and also according to Jomsvikingernes saga he was a son of Palne Tokesen and his wife Ingeborg, a daughter of Otto Jarl. Palnatoke is possibly a historical person who was added a series of vandresagn.(walking legends)
Palnatoke was probably a nickname for Toke Pallesen (also: Toke Palnesen), another possibility is den polske Toke (the Polish Toke) or den polske tolk (the Polish interpreter). The name is not a usual Nordic name. 

(see my blog: Medieval Danish and European families for Toke Palnesen , Palne Tokesen and  Toke Trylle Palnesen, who was the father of Skjalm Hvide.)

Park, Harridslevgaard slot/gb
The family Schimko opened ten years ago the castle to the public by an arrangement and the interest from the public was overwhelming. Since then there have been permanent opening hours and arrangements like firm parties,conferences and weddings. People can rent historic lackeys uniforms for the servants and they can dance in Denmarks largest privately owned Knights Hall.

The old mill house lies at the driveway to Harridslevgaard. The manor is surrounded by a small park with pretty peacocks.

Each year Harridslevgaard has a Christmas market. The castle is by appointment open all year for tours of large groups. And it is possible to get married at the castle. The various rooms can be rented for conferences, meetings, weddings and dinner parties. 

Danmarks slotte og herregårde , Niels Peter Stilling, Politiken, 1997, 
Slotte og herregårde i Danmark, Jytte Ortmann, 2000 
Harritslevgaard, wikipedia

photo: grethe bachmann

photo mm: wikipedia

Monday, August 28, 2017

Allerslev church, Vordingborg Kommune, Sjælland

Allerslev kirke/ photo gb

Allerslev church is situated high in the village of Allerslev. The country road between Præstø and Mern runs past the church. South and west of the church are beautiful large lime trees. The church yard itself is also rather closely plant. The church is placed in a hilly terrain, where the village is surrounded by fields and the white-washed church is very visible in the pretty landscape and functions as a significant point of orientation. 

Allerslev church belonged in a period to king Christian V. who gave it to the queen's courtmaster-lady Sidsel Grubbe. The church had various owners during the centuries; three owners were Jungshoved, Engelholm and Oremandsgaard, before the church in 1914 was transferred to freehold.

Allerslev church has a Romanesque choir and nave with a late Romanesque extension, a late Gotic west tower, a sacristy north of the tower and a porch from the second half of the 1800s. The white-washed tiled church is built in limestone ashlars, while the tower is built in monk bricks. The choir has to the east and north a double bevell-edged plinth, while the possibly older nave to the south has a cornice frieze upon a bevell-edged plinth. The round arched northdoor stands since 1915 and in the east frame are two interesting runic inscriptions: "Jordan ristede runer; tyde dem, den som kan?" og "?Gyrth ristede sit navn på ? messe?"
Allerslev kirke/photo gb

The south door is vaguely visible. The choir had to the east and north some broad and low, now bricked-in windows, while none of the other light-openings of the nave are visible. In the late Roman period the nave was extended to the west and in the extension were placed two new doors, the north door seen inside with planks and the south door has been changed but is in use. In the late Gothic
period  was built in two cross vaults and the choir arch was changed. In late gothic period the choir had built in two cross vaults and the choir arch was changed. 

The nave has still  a flat ceiling. From the same period as the vault of the choir is the sacristy which is unusually large - and from the beginning it was equipped with a sadkle roof parallel with the saddle roof of the choir.  Upon the wall of the sacristy is a wall-cupboard from 1700s. Both church bells are late Gothic, probably cast by the same craftsman. The tower in monk bricks has belts of limestone  ashlars and the cross vault has a bottom room and a triangular tower arch and a stair-house in the southeast corner. A medieval gravestone was used twice ca 1630 and 1758. All the present windows are from 1868 and the neogothic porch somewhat younger.

Allerslev kirke/ wikipedia
Upon the bricked, plank-covered communion table stands an altarpiece in high Renaissance with painted year 1590, but it is possibly a little earlier, since the top field has Denmark's and Mecklenburg's coat of arms (the last for Frederik 2.'s queen Sofie.) The great field is divided in six and flanked by Corinthic pillars. The altarpiece looks like it was made by the socalled "Bårse herreds snedker" (joiner). The two bottom pilastres have logos with monograms HB, RH and TC. Upon the great pillars' postaments are small reliefs. The Chatecism-altarpiece was in 1988 restored, directed by church painter Erik Ring Hansen.
The pulpit is Renaissance from 1610 and carved at Abel Scrøders workshop in Næstved. Restored in 1935. The chalice from 1812 is an unusual shape, almost like an urn upon a shaft, surrounded by three hangers  and the contemporary wafer box functions as a lid. A neogothic altar jar is from 1861. The heavy baluster-shaped Renaissance candelabres from ab. 1625 have holes from disappeared feet. An unusual pretty young Gothic choir arch crucifix from the beginning of the 1300s is restored in 1935 with a new metal crown. The Romanesque, rather course granite font with leaf ornaments is related to the font in Køng kirke.
Upon the new upper pews are top pieces from the middle of the 1600s with angel heads. The angel heads upon the upper pews are carved ab. 1650 by an excellent master. In 1993 the artist Bodil Kaalund made an exciting new up-painting upon the other 19 top fields of the pews, she painted small motifs from known verses in Danish psalms. Allerslev kirke's Busch organ is from 1890. In connection to a restoration of the church in 1993 the gallery was decorated with three biblical motifs by Bodil Kaalund. 

Allerslev kirke/ photo gb

Source:  Beskrevne kirker i Danmark,  Allerslev kirke, Præstø .

photo: grethe bachmann

photo: wikipedia.

Sunday, July 30, 2017

Farsø church, Himmerland, Vesthimmerlands Kommune

Farsø Sogn is a parish in western Himmerland in Vesthimmerlands Kommune..Until the reform in 1970 it was in Gislum herred (Aalborg Amt). Farsø Kirke is situated in Farsø village 12 km west of the town Aars. The church was restored and had the walls replaced in 1991.

The church in Farsø was possibly inaugurated to Our Lady in the Middle Ages. The choir and nave are Romanesque in finely carved granite ashlars above a double plinth. Both original doors are preserved. The southdoor is bricked up. In front of the southdoor is a Romanesque grave stone. In the southern wall of the choir is a somewhat worn-out chess board ashlar. At the northern wall of the nave is a grave stone for Anne Cathrine Ørum of Farsø, who died in 1726, the grave stone is a re-used Romanesque profile ashlar, around the stone are several Romanesque building remains. The north door is still in use , here is a tympanum with a double lion like the lions on the baptismal font. In the porch is a rune stone; the inscription is: Toste og Esben rejste denne sten over Tue..... in the bottom of the stone is a Viking ship, maybe this is Nagelfar, the death ship in the Ragnarok-legend. (the Armageddon). The tower was built in the late Gothic period, the porch is from present time. Upon the new church yard is an obelisque-like stone, decorated with cross-shaped birds, carved by Erik Heide. 

Upon the church yard south of the church is a grave site for veterinarian Hans Jensen (died 1923) and his daughter, the author Thit Jensen (died 1957). Hans Jensen was the father of the author Johannes V. Jensen and Thit Jensen. Some years before her death Thit Jensen moved to Farsø and lived directly south of the church. Johannes V. Jensen is buried in Bispebjerg church yard in Copenhagen.

The Romanesque choir arch is preserved with a slant plinth. The choir has a beamed ceiling, the nave had a vault in the late Gothic period. The altar piece is from the late 1800s, the painting made in 1943. The original painting is now placed upon the church wall. The pulpit is from the beginning of the 1600s. The Romanesque granite font has double lions and male heads in strong reliefs.

Upon the triumph wall to the north hangs a crucifix, carved by Johannes Josephsen from Viborg in 1965, the figure is carved after the ivory crucitfix from ab. 1250 in Herlufsholms kirke. In the choir is an epitaph from 1651 for Søren Hanssøn Wiborg. A sculpture by Thorvald Odgaard hangs upon the southern wall of the nave from 2004. It shows the angel by the empty grave.

In Farsø is a museum for Johannes V. Jensen  and memorial rooms for Thit Jensen.

Upon the nave was in 1904 revealed frescoes from the middle of the 1500s. The motifs were from the old and the new testament. The frescoes are attributed the Torum master and was paid by Poul Vognsen and wife Anne Hansdatter Bildt of Støtterup. (in the 1500s) The frescoes were washed over again. In 1989 some frescoes were revealed and restored in the first bay of the nave.

photos from wikipedia

Johannes V. Jensen:

Monday, December 19, 2016

Hinge Church, Mid Jutland, Silkeborg Kommune

Hinge Church, Hinge parish, 12 km north of Silkeborg
(earlier: Lysgård herred, Viborg amt).

Hinge church lies north of Hinge Sø at the village Hinge. The Romanesque sections of Hinge church: apse, choir and nave built in monk bricks are strongly marked by building-works. The church is one of the earliest brick-churches in Denmark, built in the middle of the 1200s, and possibly built by the monks from the nearby Alling Kloster. Time and weather have worn out the bricks -  the original bricks are most visibly seen in the eastern part of the church with a piece of  the original bevelled plinth and a bricked-up window in the apse. The tower was built in 1679 and restored in 1779, a restoration arranged by J.A. Fischer of Allinggård and Grauballegård. The bottom room of the tower functions as a porch, and the tower has a pyramid-spire with a weather vane(with year 1779). The tower is white-washed, while the rest is in blank wall with red tiled roofs.

The apse- and choir arch are rebated and have bevelled corbels. The nave had originally an open roof-stool, but ab. 1530 the church had built-in a flat beamed ceiling. At the same time the frescoes upon the triumph-wall were washed over, they were rediscovered in 1980 and restored in 1984. There are three friezes: the upper and best preserved frieze shows the Passion of Christ in six sections, the second frieze shows the Holy family and the Worship of the Kings, the third frieze shows Paulus. The frescoes were restored by the National Museum. In the frescoes is every violent scene framed . In the thorn-crowning the executioners use all their strength to place the thorn-crown upon the head of Christ. One executioner has a wooden leg, which underlines his negative character

At a restoration in 1952-53 the communion table and the altar rails were moved. The altarpiece is Renaissance, given by hr. Hans Sørensen in 1604, probably from the same workshop as the pulpit. Pewter candelabres, given in 1677 with initials P N S G above M I D. A Romanesque granite font with vertical rope-decoration on the basin and foot like the fonts of the Gødvad-group. A newer baptismal brass bowl and a baptismal pewter jar from ab. 1800. A newer metal crucifix hangs in the choir arch. The pulpit was given by hr. Hans Sørensen and wife Karine Melchiorsdatter, 1612, with 1700s label-paintings. The sounding board was given 1655 by hr. Christen Erichsen and wife Else Hansdatter (restored 1932). Renaissance pews . A small Baroque chandelier in the choir given by Mette Hermansen (+ 1918), two in the choir given 1927 by farmer Jakob Overby. A church bell, given 1761 by Chr. Fischer of Allinggård, cast in Viborg by Caspar König . Many grave memorials, epitaphs, stone tablets. Upon the north wall hangs an epitaph with two fields, paid for by Søren Michelsen (+1597) and wife and by Hans Sørensen (+ 1632) and wife. Hans Sørensen was a brother of the priest Erik Sørensen,  whom Steen Steensen Blicher described in his short story: "Præsten i Thorning". At the churchyard is a Romanesque granite grave stone with a relief cross, and a copy of the stone where Hans Tausen held his first Lutheran sermon. The original stone is now at Viborg Museum.

Frescoes, violent scenes from the Passion

Names in the Middle Ages and 1600s:
Hinge (1333 Hængy); Astrup (*1453 Astrup); Frausing (*1231 Fraxing); Hedehuse (1683 Astrup HeeHuus, 1688 Heed Huuset); Frausinggård (1552 Frausing gord).

The outlawed Peder Jacobsen owned ab. 1300 estate in Hinge. Torsten Mikkelsen of Hinge is mentioned in 1333.

In Hinge lived for many years a "klog mand" (healer), Mads Weis, + 1839, who achieved jus practicandi and established a kurhus (health resort) for people who suffered from leg injury etc.

Listed prehistorics: 3 hills, of which two are in the forest.
Demolished or destroyed: 10 hills.

In a meadow at Hinge Sø was found a large-tooth bone harpoon from early Stone Age, and in Vesterkær a wooden animal-trap, probably from prehistoric time.

Source: Trap Danmark, Viborg amt, 1962; Axel Bolvig, Danmarks Kalkmalerier, 2002.

photo Hinge kirke: grethe bachmann


Friday, December 16, 2016

Sindal Old Church, Vendsyssel, North Jutland

Sindal Old Church lies upon a hill in the eastern outskirt of Slotved skov. The earliest part of the church is from the 1100s. In the late Gothic period 3-400 years later the nave was extended to the west which got a stepped gable. The porch was built at approximately the same time. The choir is built in granite ashlars, while the nave mainly is in monk bricks. At the eastern gable are two heavy supporting pillars. The nave and choir have beamed ceilings. The beams in the choir are some of the earliest things in the church and therefore not overpainted.

A reliquary was found in the medieval bricked altar table. It is now at Hjørring Museum. The
granite baptismal font is probably as old as the church itself, the baptismal dish is made in Nürnberg in the 1500s. The crucifix at the northern wall and the candelabres upon the altar table are from before the reformation. The altar chalice was given by the last selvejerbonde (yeoman) of the parish, judge Lars Fus in Taagholt in 1577. The altarpiece is a simpe Renaissance work, the painting is by the Skagens-painter Michael Ancher, who has copied the Spanish court-painter Velasquez' painting "The Crucifixion".

The pulpit from ab. year 1600 has the coat of arms of Anne Krabbe and her two husbands Aksel Viffert and Jerck Kaas. The same coat of arms are seen upon some lord-of- the-manor stools in the back of the church. These stools are the rests of the former pews which was set up by the owner of Baggesvogn, Anne Krabbe. Upon another stool is seen the coat of arms of Sophie Sandberg and Enevold Kruse and the year 1636. Enevold Kruse was Lieutenant colonel and field commander under Christian IV, he was killed in the battle at Lutter am Barenberg in 1626, nine years later his widow bought Baggesvogn, to which Sindal church belonged.

In 1964 the church went through a thorough restoration, new pews were bought and a new organ (Frobenius), and some of the old pews from Anne Krabbe's time were moved to the west end of the church.

Upon the church yard is a bell frame with two bells ,the oldest is made by the caster Peder Lavridsen in 1566, the other with the names Claus Unger and Barbara Galt is from 1696. The church yard is surrounded by an ancient granite boulder dike to the north and south, which is unchanged, but to the east and west the dike has been moved out to make place for a larger church yard.

The vicarage lies south of the church yard , a very pretty timbered building with a thatched roof. The present vicarage was built in 1928 upon the plinth of an earlier vicarage. A section of the old vicarage was rebuilt in the museum-garden in Hjørring as a part of the museum.

source: "Sindal Gl. Kirke - en beskrivelse", udgivet af Sindal Menighedsråd, 2005

Baggesvogn manor, Vendsyssel, North Jutland

Baggesvogn /GB
Baggesvogn is a manor in Vendsyssel, North Jutland. It lies in Sindal parish, about 14 km northeast of the town Hjørring. The timbered three winged plan was built in 1744. The mid wing and the side wings were bricked in the second half of the 1800s. The yellow washed main building has hipped tile-roofs, and the western main wing's entrance is highlighted with a triangular gable attic above the door.

Under a part of the main building are vaulted cellars which are named medieval, but they more probably origin from the second half of the 1500s. On the north side of the building are kept sections of the old moat system.

landscape by Baggesvogn/GB
The original name of Baggesvogn was Vorn, which means forest. The manor lies upon an old embankment and is still surrounded by moats on the east, north and west side of the main building. The entrance to Baggesvogn is via a bricked up dam, about 20 meters long. The dam is on both sides flanked by a low, heavy wall with doghouses in both ends.  The castle yard if laid with piksten (oval naturestones). The moats, the dam, the doghouses and the castle yeard are all protected.
piksten in a yard./wikipedia

landscape by Baggesvogn /GB
The fine  hilly manor landscape south of Baggesvogn is protected including the beech wood Baggesvogn forest with 100 year old trees. It is the northernest beech wood in Denmark.

Baggesvogn /GB
Baggesvogn was mentioned in the year 1454, when the owner was Hatis Gjødesøn, and in 1458 Jes Ulfsøn was mentioned as the owner of "Worn". The farm probably changed owner quickly since rigsråd Anders Banner of Asdal is the owner in 1462. He transferred Baggesgogn as a vasalry to Hans Bagge after whom the manor got its present name. Usually a vasalry agreement demands the vasal to swear his feudal lord fidelity and pay him regular taxes. This was not the case between Banner and Hans Bagge, which probably was due to a family relation between them, but the agreement can also be seen as a sign of the Banner family's tremendous power and wealth at this time. They were so rich that the income from a vasalry did not play any important role.

The main estate of the Banner family was the North Jutland manor Asdal, but Baggesvogn stayed in their ownership for several generations. The manor was inherited from father to son up to Erik Banner, who was a rigsmarskal for Christian III (1503-1559). At Erik Banner's death in 1554 Iver Krabbe took over Baggesvogn. He was married to Erik Banner's daughter Magdalene Banner. They left only one heir, the daughter Anne Krabbe.

Anne Krabbe spent her last years at Baggesvogn. At her death in 1625 she left no heir, but a very large debt. Baggesvogn was taken over by one of the main creditors, Frank Gøye, who in 1635 sold the manor to Sophie Sandberg. She enlarged the estates of Baggesvogn and gathered the land around the main farm. She left it to her two unmarried daughters, (Anne and Birgitte Kruse) who continued their mother's work. In 1669 they gave land to a newly established Baggesvogn hospital. (closed in the 20th century).The sisters possibly tried to manage more than they could cope. After Anne Kruse's death Birgitte Kruse had,because of debt, to assign Baggesvogn to Frederik Vind in 1692.

Baggesvogns history from 1700s till 1900s is marked by frequent ownerships, often because of a bad economy.

In 1997 Baggesvogn was sold to Ole T. Krogsgaard who stille owned it in 2013.

Wednesday, December 14, 2016

Serritslev church, Vendsyssel, North Jutland

Serritslev church, 5 km north of Brønderslev/wikipedia

Serritslev church lies in the village Serritslev in North Jutland close to a Bronze age hill Klanghøj . and with a bell frame upon the grave hill. The church was built in the middle of the 1100 in granite ashlars in the Romanesque style. The plinth is in granite ashlars with a bevelled edge. The porch was added on the north side in the 1500s in red monk bricks, it is whitewashed and has a tiled roof, while   nave and the choir have a leaden roof. Upon the northern wall are two original windows, and another upon the south wall of the choir. On the south side is a bricked up men's door. Both in the nave and in the choir on the south side are small square holes in the wall, and the same in the north side of the choir -  they are leper-windows from where the sick could get the sacrament.

In 1529 the church had to send their church bell to the king's canon foundry in Copenhagen, another bell from ab. 1550 is kept at Vendsyssels historiske Museum in Hjørring. The present bell is from the Middle Ages and was cast at A/S Jysk Jernstøberi in Brønderslev.

interior/ wikipedia
The interior was restored in the late 1950s. The granite font origins probably from the church building. The baptismal dish in brass has the year 1714, but it is supposed to be 100 years older. The baptismal jar is from 1985. The crucifix upon the south wall is from the Middle Ages and was originally placed above the choir arch. The altar table is in granite ashlars and the triptychon altarpiece in oak is from 1959. The pulpit is from 1626 and the entrance to the pulpit is in the inside wall of the choir.

Monday, September 26, 2016

Bratskov manor and Brovst church , Vendsyssel, North Jutland

Bratskov, (wikipedia)
Bratskov is a manor in Brovst, Jammerbugt kommune (historical: Øster Han herred, Hjørring amt) In the building is today a historical museum with fx a big collection of stone tools from Stone Age from a finding place in Brovst. In the main building is a culture center. Brovst kommune took over Bratskov in 1976 and let the main building be renovated, it was inaugurated as a culture center with public access in August 1979. In the pretty restored rooms in the main building are alternate exhibitions  (and lectures and association arrangements).The east part of the gate-wing is a tourist office and the timbered wing has charming reconstructions of a smitty, a shoemaker workshop and a school room from year 1900. Here are also alternate art exhibitions. The castle park has public access.

Near Bratskov lies a lake where was once a castle called "Bratlingsborg", which is said to have sunk down into the water, but there are still rests of bricks and bridges. What is told today about this castle ( heard about in the giant folk songs) is now considered a fable. In the not so deep lake where people fish perch, pike and bream, lies a castle in the deep - and after this the new castle Bratskov was built...

It is not known how much truth this fable contains, but Bratskov can be traced back to the 1200s. It was owned by several grand Danish aristocratic families through the ages.The owner of Bratskov owned six churches (among those Brovst church). Neighbouring manors were the old Aggersborggaard, Aagaard and Frejstrupgaard, all burnt down by rebellious peasants in 1441.

The oldest part of the present Bratskov is from 1550, but according to sources there was an earlier building in the area. Bratskov is mentioned for the first time in 1307 in written sources. The present Bratskov was built by the noble family Rotfeld who owned the estate from the middle of the 1300s. The building master Jens Nielsen Rotfeld died in 1558 as the last male of the family.  The first member of the noble family Rotfeld was Ugod Torstensen, a son of the legendary Torsten Vild. The family with other colourful names like Ingvor Udsen and Niels Kalv wrote itself of Bratskov up through the 1400s, but in the 1550, when they finally built the stone house the male line was extinct.

Several noble families from Funen owned Bratskov since, until colonel Frantz Rantzau in 1655 bought the manor. The descendants of Rantzau owned Bratskov for over 100 years until 1785. In the end of the 1700s large areas by the Limfjord were drained and dried, and the extra land of the manor was now good farm land. The land was gradually parcelled out in the first half of the 20th century and the farm was closed in 1948. In 1953 Bratskov was bought by barrister Erik Brüel, who restored the dilapidated main building. Brovst kommune took over the manor in 1976 and the above mentioned culture center opened in 1979.

The western wing is the main building, built in monkstone in two floors. The square stair-tower was added in 1660. In the stair-tower leads a staircase down to the original 1100s cellar with exposed monk-brick walls and barrel vault. In the old food cellar are kept two salt jars which were once used for storing the meat. The low, timbered sidewings were built in the middle of the 1700s. The whole plan was originally four-winged, but the east wing was demolished during the 1800s. There is still a moat to the east, north and west with a small bridge to the north. In earlier times the whole manor was surrounded by moats as a protection against peasant warriors.

Brovst church
Brovst church (wikipedia)
In a restoration in 1951-52 were found traces in the church floor which indicated that here was a smaller stone church in the 1000s at the same palace as the present church.

The present church is built in the 1200s in ashlars, granite boulders and bricks. There are original windows in the nave, both to the north and south. They are kept as niches, visible inside the church.
There is a trace of the original apse. Here was originally a window. In the 1300s or a little later the nave was extended  to the east, and the choir was made smaller. The Romanesque choir arch was demolished, and parts from this are seen outside in the south wall of the nave. Upon the north wall opposite the pulpit are the niches of two bricked up windows. The first tower was probably built in the middle of the 1300s. The porch is from the Middle Ages, and the north door is still in use via the porch.

The Romanesque altar table is no more. The present bricked altar table is from the restoration in 1951. The antemensale with gold stripes is from 1988. In 1729 Frantz Rantzau gave the church a good restore and equipped it with altarpiece, pulpit and a gallery. In the top of the altarpiece is a triangle with God's name written in Hebraic letters, under this the coat of arms of Frantz RantzaU and wife Margrethe Rodsteen. The altar painting is from 1898 by A Dorph. The altar candelabres are from the 1700s. The baptismal font is the only left Romanesque inventory. The baptismal dish is probably from ab. 1600. The pulpit is like the altarpiece and the gallery from 1729. The pulpit was made by carver Peder Roussel,  Aalborg. He also carved the pulpit in Nørre Tranders church.

 After the reformation the church was owned by Bratskov manor. In 1576 Erik Lykke of Bratskov had the king's permission to use the stones from a demolished church in Kettrup (Ingstrup) for a repair of Brovst church. It is not known if the materials were brought to Brovst.

In a royal letter from 1603 the tower is mentioned as "being blown down in the latest storm". The present tower was probably built in the middle of the 1600s.

In 1876 some parishioners bought two church bells. The small is a medieval bell, recast in 1929 by the Smiths. The big bell is cast by John Taylor and co. 

photo: wikipedia