Friday, December 16, 2016

Baggesvogn manor, Vendsyssel, North Jutland

Baggesvogn /GB
Baggesvogn is a manor in Vendsyssel, North Jutland. It lies in Sindal parish, about 14 km northeast of the town Hjørring. The timbered three winged plan was built in 1744. The mid wing and the side wings were bricked in the second half of the 1800s. The yellow washed main building has hipped tile-roofs, and the western main wing's entrance is highlighted with a triangular gable attic above the door.

Under a part of the main building are vaulted cellars which are named medieval, but they more probably origin from the second half of the 1500s. On the north side of the building are kept sections of the old moat system.

landscape by Baggesvogn/GB
The original name of Baggesvogn was Vorn, which means forest. The manor lies upon an old embankment and is still surrounded by moats on the east, north and west side of the main building. The entrance to Baggesvogn is via a bricked up dam, about 20 meters long. The dam is on both sides flanked by a low, heavy wall with doghouses in both ends.  The castle yard if laid with piksten (oval naturestones). The moats, the dam, the doghouses and the castle yeard are all protected.
piksten in a yard./wikipedia

landscape by Baggesvogn /GB
The fine  hilly manor landscape south of Baggesvogn is protected including the beech wood Baggesvogn forest with 100 year old trees. It is the northernest beech wood in Denmark.

Baggesvogn /GB
Baggesvogn was mentioned in the year 1454, when the owner was Hatis Gjødesøn, and in 1458 Jes Ulfsøn was mentioned as the owner of "Worn". The farm probably changed owner quickly since rigsråd Anders Banner of Asdal is the owner in 1462. He transferred Baggesgogn as a vasalry to Hans Bagge after whom the manor got its present name. Usually a vasalry agreement demands the vasal to swear his feudal lord fidelity and pay him regular taxes. This was not the case between Banner and Hans Bagge, which probably was due to a family relation between them, but the agreement can also be seen as a sign of the Banner family's tremendous power and wealth at this time. They were so rich that the income from a vasalry did not play any important role.

The main estate of the Banner family was the North Jutland manor Asdal, but Baggesvogn stayed in their ownership for several generations. The manor was inherited from father to son up to Erik Banner, who was a rigsmarskal for Christian III (1503-1559). At Erik Banner's death in 1554 Iver Krabbe took over Baggesvogn. He was married to Erik Banner's daughter Magdalene Banner. They left only one heir, the daughter Anne Krabbe.

Anne Krabbe spent her last years at Baggesvogn. At her death in 1625 she left no heir, but a very large debt. Baggesvogn was taken over by one of the main creditors, Frank Gøye, who in 1635 sold the manor to Sophie Sandberg. She enlarged the estates of Baggesvogn and gathered the land around the main farm. She left it to her two unmarried daughters, (Anne and Birgitte Kruse) who continued their mother's work. In 1669 they gave land to a newly established Baggesvogn hospital. (closed in the 20th century).The sisters possibly tried to manage more than they could cope. After Anne Kruse's death Birgitte Kruse had,because of debt, to assign Baggesvogn to Frederik Vind in 1692.

Baggesvogns history from 1700s till 1900s is marked by frequent ownerships, often because of a bad economy.

In 1997 Baggesvogn was sold to Ole T. Krogsgaard who stille owned it in 2013.

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